PROPHET SOLOMON (pbuh)
PROPHET SOLOMON (pbuh), DHU'L - QARNAYN (pbuh), AND THE MAHDI
Earlier, we considered various signs of the End Times in the Qur'an's
account of Prophet Solomon's (pbuh) life. We said that, in the End
Times, there would be a Golden Age in which Islamic morality would
be foremost, and that this period would be ushered in by the Mahdi,
who bears title al-Hadi (the one who guides).
The hadiths of our Prophet (may God bless him and grant him peace)
reveal signs of these two periods. And, when we compare them with
what is happening today, we see many indications that we are living
in the End Times and that the Golden Age is about to come.
The hadiths characterize the End Times as a treacherous period
in which the number of wars and conflicts will increase and the
world will be in general chaos because of the moral degeneration
arising from people's rebellion against religious morality. Natural
disasters will be everywhere, poverty will reach a previously unknown
level, crime rates will soar, and murder and massacre will follow
each other in an apparently endless succession. But this is only
the first stage of the End Times; in the second stage, God will
use the Mahdi to rescue people from this chaos.
Indeed, such events have happened numerous times in human history,
for wars, earthquakes, and other natural disasters have been common.
The same is true of moral degeneration, poverty, and hunger. What
distinguishes the signs of the End Times from these events is that
all of these signs will happen in the same period one after the
other, and in the way described in the hadiths. Here we must give
the glad tidings that this chaos will be temporary, for the coming
of the Golden Age will bring this distressing period to an end.
The Golden Age will be a time when wars and conflicts will end,
all irreligious ideologies that caused so much misery will be buried
in the dark recesses of history, and the world will enjoy a period
of justice and abundant blessings. Islamic morality will spread
throughout the world, and people will stream toward religion. As
we stated earlier, some of the hadiths describe this dominance of
Islamic morality, such as when our Prophet (may God bless him and
grant him peace) speaks of the similarities between this period
and the reigns of Prophet Solomon (pbuh) and Dhu'l-Qarnayn (pbuh).
Some of these are as follows:
The Mahdi will rule Earth, just like Dhu'l-Qarnayn (pbuh) and
Prophet Solomon (pbuh). (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar
fi 'Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 29)
There have been four kings on Earth: two were believers and
two were unbelievers. The believers were Dhu'l-Qarnayn (pbuh) and
Prophet Solomon (pbuh), and the unbelievers were Nimrod and Nebuchadnezzar
II . There will be a fifth king, from the People of my House. (Ibn
In the following pages we will present some of the signs that we
are in the End Times and that the blessed Golden Age is near. (For
a detailed discussion of these signs, see Harun Yahya's The End
Times and The Mahdi [USA, Khatoons. Inc., March 2004] and The Golden
Age [Kuala Lumpur, A.S. NOORDEEN, 2003])
named Mahdi will come when the systems change.
(Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi 'Alamat al-Mahdi
Akhir al-Zaman, p. 14)
In this hadith, our Prophet (may God bless him and grant him peace)
announced that the Mahdi will come during a period of changing systems.
This probably refers to communism, which was widespread before collapsing
in the late 1980s.
This atheistic philosophy, the product of materialist philosophy,
was one of the main reasons for the bloody wars and massacres that
marked the twentieth century. This ideology influenced large parts
of Europe, Asia, South America, and Africa. Many countries were
ruled by communist regimes for decades or were targeted by communist
organizations. Communism was one of the reasons for the cold war,
which continued from the late 1940s until the early 1990s, and for
the cruelest massacres.
Besides fighting with other countries to extend their ideology,
communists subjected their own people to great cruelty, mass executions,
and massacre. Moreover, they put people to death in forced labor
camps and killed them by starvation.
According to various historians' calculations, communist regimes
were responsible for the deaths of 120 million people during the
twentieth century. Most of these were not soldiers who died in battle,
but were civilians murdered by communists. Tens of millions of men,
women, old people, children, and babies lost their lives because
of the communists' brutal savagery. Apart from this, millions of
people were oppressed and forced to leave their homes and countries.
Their lands and possessions were confiscated, and they were made
to live every moment in fear of being killed, falsely arrested,
or subjected to cruelty.
But toward the end of the twentieth century, these regimes, which
seemed to be so strong and firm, began to lose their power and crumble
one by one. The clearest symbol of this collapse was the tearing
down of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Two years later, the world's largest
and most powerful communist state-the Soviet Union-collapsed and
the Eastern Bloc completely fell apart. Communist regimes from Africa
to Central Asia collapsed one after another, the bipolar world order
that had been firmly in place since 1945 disappeared, and, according
to political commentators, a new world order replaced it. With these
very surprising developments, the change of system mentioned in
the hadith came about.
The destruction of the Berlin Wall
in 1989 symbolizes communism's collapse. One of the clearest
proofs of the change in system revealed in the hadiths was
when the people toppled and destroyed huge statues of Lenin,
considered the most important communist ideologue.
Today, as the last ideological and political traces of communism,
and the totalitarian fascist system based on the same ideas, disappear,
the world is being totally cleansed of these bloody ideologies.
With the spread of Islamic morality throughout the world, the oppression,
suffering, darkness, and poverty that these systems imposed on millions
of people will be truly ended, and people will have beauty, wealth,
happiness and well-being. And after distress, darkness, war, massacre,
and suffering, God, in His mercy and kindness, will give people
His incomparable blessings.
end of time, their rulers will cause My people
severe trouble in such a way that there will be
no comfort for Muslims anywhere. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi,
Al-Burhan fi 'Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman,
This hadith indicates that before the Mahdi comes, rulers in some
Muslim states will be far removed from religious morality, cruel
and pitiless, or ineffective. Indeed, we can see this in such countries
as Iraq, Afghanistan, Djibouti, Somalia, Tunisia, Libya, Ethiopia,
and Syria. All of the Muslims in these countries are oppressed by
their governments and subjected to difficulty and anxiety. They
cannot live their religion freely and perform their prayers, and
economic restrictions make their lives difficult. Below are some
examples of what these people have experienced:
In Iraq, which lost about one million soldiers out of a total of
three million during its war with Iran, the fascist Ba'thist dictator
Saddam Hussein subjected the Iraqi people to incredible torture
his 30 years in power, Hafez al-Assad carried out many massacres.
In the city of Hama, 40,000 Muslims were brutally slaughtered
in one day.
The Soviet Union's 10-year occupation of Afghanistan left
tens of thousands of dead and as many maimed. The bloody civil
war that followed plunged Afghanistan into even greater chaos.
Since the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in 1979, the country
has been unstable and chaotic. Those in power have not been true
representatives of Islam; rather, they founded an oppressive, intolerant,
and pitiless system.
Between 1977-91, the tiny African country of Djibouti was ruled
by a brutal regime that killed about 2 million Muslims and falsely
arrested and tortured 7,000 people.
Between 1969-91, Major General Siad Barre led an oppressive regime
in Somalia that targeted Muslims.
For 31 years, Tunisia was governed by the dictatorial regime of
Habib Bourguiba. He declared himself president of the republic for
life and, while in power, oppressed his subjects. For example, he
tried to ban the fast of Ramadan on the grounds that it hurt national
During the 30 years of Hafez al-Assad's dictatorship, Syrian Muslims
were subjected to various acts of cruelty. After some massacres,
women were raped and men were tortured. The most atrocious example
act of his rule was his decision to bomb and destroy Aleppo (city
in northwestern Syria) when it revolted against his rule in early
1982. An untold number of people were killed.
NEW YORK IN RUINS
the Hour comes, there will be a dusty and smoky
tribulation like patches of dark night... (Sunan
The Arabic word translated here as tribulation is fitnah, which
means something that completely alienates the human mind and heart
from justice and right. It can also refer to war, savagery, confusion,
conflict, and discord. This hadith says that dust and smoke will
be left after this tribulation. This tribulation might be dark because
why it occurs is not clear and it is unexpected.
As we can see in these pictures, the
tribulation like patches of dark night described in the
hadith was one of the main features of the 9/11 attack.
When we look at it from this angle, this hadith probably refers
to the 9/11 attack against New York and Washington, DC. As we saw
on television and in newspapers, large clouds of dust followed these
two acts of terrorism and wrapped the areas in smoke.
According to the official account, aircraft crashed into the World
Trade Center and the Pentagon. The ensuing explosions, caused by
their fuel, caused a great cloud to form. Smoke rose so high and
spread so far that it could be seen throughout New York City and
even in surrounding towns. The collapse of the World Trade Center
and the nearby Building Number 7 after the explosions caused an
even larger cloud of dust to cover all people in the affected area
from head to toe.
This event is extremely important, because it occurred within the
same period as other signs and is similar to what is described in
the hadiths. Therefore, this most deplorable terrorist act may be
the tribulation like patches of dark night mentioned as a sign of
the Mahdi's coming.
will only appear at a time when people are experiencing
great fear and are afflicted by disturbances,
civil war, and other disasters.
(Reported by Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn 'Ali)
In the great majority of the hadiths in which our Prophet (may
God bless him and grant him peace) mentions the Mahdi's coming,
he stresses that the world will be in a state of general chaos,
insecurity, and anxiety before he comes. Along with wars and conflicts,
another characteristic of this period will be mass murder. The hadith
given above draws our attention to this last characteristic.
According to Amnesty International,
Saddam Hussein brutally murdered 5,000 civilians in Halabja
by bombing them with poison gas. Thousands of others were
killed in similar attacks.
Historians estimate that both world wars killed about 65 million
people. They also estimate that during the twentieth century, more
than 180 million people were killed for political reasons. This
is an extraordinary figure when compared with similar figures for
previous centuries. Until the twentieth century, most of the wars
were largely local conflicts fought by opposing armies along a particular
line or front. However, twentieth-century developments in weapons
technology and military strategy, as well as the prevalence of ideologies
that favored violence and bloodshed, made both the idea and the
actual implementation of total war feasible. Now governments target
not only the opposing army on the front, but also civilians behind
the front. Sometimes, there is not even a front to separate the
two sides. The twentieth century saw cities bombed (e.g., carpet
bombing); chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons used; genocide
campaigns implemented with impunity; and concentration and forced
labor camps built to hold various unwanted groups of people.
If we look at recent history, we see many instances of massacres.
For example, the Serbs targeted mainly Bosnian civilians. Thousands
of people were killed, including women, children, and the elderly.
The mass graves discovered after the war show the dimensions of
the massacres in horrible detail.
The ethnic cleansing campaign directed against the Palestinians
since the 1940s is a more long-term policy of mass murder. Instances
of this policy, like the slaughters at Sabra and Shatila in 1982,
overseen by now-prime minister Ariel Sharon of Israel, show the
dimensions of this policy.
Africa has experienced frequent violent ethnic conflict in which
thousands of people have lost their lives. In the spring of 1994,
a conflict occurred between two large tribes-the Hutu and the Tutsi
(slightly less than 15 percent of the nation's population)-that
involved five countries-Zaire, Rwanda, Uganda, Burundi, and Tanzania.
Nearly 800,000 people died in this ethnic conflict. Tens of thousands
of refugees had to contend with destitution and epidemics in the
forests; many of them died. Small children and babies were savagely
slaughtered just because they belonged to another tribe.
will not emerg unless innocent people are massacred,
and he will appear when those on Earth and up
in the sky can no longer put up with such massacres.
(Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi
'Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 37)
The hadiths concerning the Mahdi's coming speak of widespread slaughter
in which innocent people are especially targeted. As we know, in
almost every conflict today the basic target is innocent civilians,
mainly women, children, and the elderly. Since civilians do not
have the means to defend themselves, vast numbers of people are
Besides these massacres, recent terrorist activities have focused
on the mass eradication of unwanted people. Terrorism, which is
designed to spread fear and dread among the general population,
is an assault directed mainly against such public places as shopping
centers, restaurants, cafes, and schools where people congregate
that no one can escape will occur and spread immediately
to another place from where it stays. (Ibn Hajar
al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi 'Alamat al-Mahdi
al-Muntazar, pp. 21-22)
The above hadith speaks of a continuous long-term corruption that
is global in extent. This Arabic word translated here as corruption,
fitnah, means war, retribution, fighting, conflict. When we consider
these meanings, we realize that this is an accurate description
of the twentieth century, a time when war quickly spread to many
nations, and when conflict, civil war, and chaos began and still
continues today. Unfortunately, such violence still continues in
the twenty-first century.
When we analyze the outbreaks of violence since the 1970s, we can
see that when corruption ends in one place, it begins in another.
During this period, conflict and civil strife occurred in many countries
and regions: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, Albania, Bulgaria, Iran,
Iraq, Afghanistan, Chechnya, Palestine, Israel, North Korea, Cambodia,
Eastern Turkistan (Xinjiang [northwestern China]), Ethiopia, Somalia,
Yemen, Uganda, Algeria, Rwanda, Mozambique, Angola, Congo, Liberia,
Burundi, Sudan, Lebanon, Argentina, Northern Ireland, El Salvador,
Above:Massacre in Bosnia
The ongoing conflict in Chechnya has cost the lives
of thousands of innocent people. Many people became
refugees, some of whom died on the road.
During the second half of the twentieth
century, atheist Zionists in the Israeli government conducted a merciless
genocide against defenseless Palestinian people. The 1982
massacres at Sabra and Shatila, in which thousands of people
died, is only one instance of this. This oppression is still
going on today.
World history is full of war and conflict, but those that occurred
in the twentieth century are unique. First, the numbers of dead
far surpassed the total of deaths in all other centuries. Second,
until then war had always regional and restricted to a certain region.
But in the twentieth century, it spread over the entire world. It
seems that, in the last century, no country or region was immune
from conflict or terrorism.
Third, the power of weapons is almost beyond human comprehension.
The use of nuclear and chemical weapons inflicted unbelievable slaughter
on the generation that lived through these conflicts, and succeeding
generations continue to be affected by the long-term negative side
effects. The first event that comes to mind in this regard is the
atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945.
A major act of genocide
was perpetrated in Bosnia in front of everyone. Mass graves
discovered later on show the real dimensions of this slaughter.
One hadith says
that when the End Times begin, there will be endless tribulation.
The twentieth century was full of wars, conflicts, and massacres
that smothered the whole world.
Today, one of the most threatening kinds of warfare is biological
warfare. An example of this happened after the 9/11 terrorist attack,
when letters containing the anthrax bacteria were sent to important
addresses; to date, several people have died because of such letters.
In conclusion, it is likely that the corruption mentioned in this
hadith consists of the wars, conflicts, chaos, and terrorism that
began in the last century and continue into this one. All of these
things may be signs that we are living in the End Times and that
the Golden Age may be near.
will send the Mahdi after despair has reached
the point that people will say: "There is no Mahdi."
(Narrated by Nu'aym ibn Hammad)
In the End Times, people will be full of pessimism, for seeing
war, poverty, need, injustice, moral depravity, and epidemics all
around them will cause them to lose their belief in the Mahdi's
coming. Many Muslims will begin to believe that such problems will
continue to be unsolvable, and so will lose their expectation of
the coming Golden Age and the global prevalence of Islamic morality.
We see many examples of this spiritual state. For example, despite
the many hadiths about the Mahdi's coming and the Golden Age's beauty,
many people do not believe that such an age will come. But at a
time when this pessimism is widespread, by God's grace the Golden
Age will begin.
Many hadiths speak of the hunger and poverty that will foretell
the Mahdi's coming. Although hunger and destitution have existed
throughout history, they will increase markedly around the world
in the End Times.
The poor will grow in number.
(Amal ad-Din al-Qazwini, Mufid al-'Ulum wa Mubid
Three years before the Antichrist appears,
there will be exceedingly stressful days and
hunger will rule .
(Muhammad ibn 'Abd ar-Rasul Barzanji, Al-Isha'ah
li Ashrat as-Sa'ah, p. 220)
Today, many people have nothing to eat or drink, live in unhealthy
conditions, and have nowhere to stay. This situation is widespread
in the Third World and, to a lesser extent, in Americaand Europe.
While a small minority of people lives in luxury, billions of others
live on the brink of starvation. In an article, an Oxfam official
described the world situation in the following words:
As we enter the new millennium, we bring with us a world in which
35,000 children die each day from causes related to poverty. That
is one child dying every 2.5 seconds. We face a world in which
the total number of people below the poverty line is growing each
year, and now stands at around 1.5 billion. This is greater than
the population of China, four times the entire population of the
. This is a world in which the gap between rich and poor is accelerating.
United Nations figures show that the richest 20% of people owned
30 times the wealth of the poorest 20% in 1960. In the next 37
years, the rich did very nicely, ending up in 1997 with 74 times
as much wealth as the poorest 20%.
. The combined wealth of the world's
richest three families (Bill Gates, the Waltons, and the Sultan
of Brunei) is more than the annual income of 600 million people
in the least developed countries. Moreover, in more than 80 of
the world's poorest countries, per capita income is lower today
than it was 10 years ago.13
When the Golden Age begins, all of these problems will disappear.
Hunger, poverty, and destitution will be replaced by wealth and
abundance. No one will be in need, because religion will be lived
as God describes in the Qur'an and everyone will share what they
have, for "beggars and the destitute received a due share of their
wealth" (Qur'an, 51:19). In a society that lives according to Islamic
morality, there can be no destitute people, for believers will strive
to avoid the state that God describes in the following terms: "He
used not to believe in God the Magnificent, nor did he urge the
feeding of the poor. Therefore, here today he has no friend" (Qur'an,
69:33-35). This will be the means whereby social justice, happiness,
and abundance will be established in society.
One of the most frequently mentioned subjects concerning
the End Times is the global spread of hunger, poverty, and
destitution. But this dark period will end with the Golden
Age, and God will keep His promise.
will prosper until the ninety-fifth year, that
is, their business will prosper. In the ninety-seventh
and the ninety-ninth year, their possessions will
go to waste. (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar
fi 'Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 54)
This hadith gives us some details about the state of the economy before
the Golden Age dawns.
The ninety-fifth year probably refers to 1995, a year in which
people were comparatively well-off and living conditions were fairly
easy. The assertion that business will prosper means that people
will have enough income to have a good living standard and have
enough money to buy property. But during 1997-99, the economy worsened
and poverty and need increased. In these years, property lost its
value. We can see that this actually happened in Argentina, where
the situation is still serious and continuing.
One of the first signs of the End Times will be the terrible
hunger and famine that will happen before the plenty and abundance
of the Golden Age. In this period, people will not even have
a loaf of bread to eat and many will die of starvation. But
when the Golden Age begins, by God's mercy, human beings will
have a wealth and abundance never before seen in the world.
of Egypt and Sham [Damascus] will kill their ruler
and his commands... (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl
al-Mukhtasar fi 'Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar,
When we look at Egypt's recent history, we see that its ruler was
killed: Anwar al-Sadat, who ruled the country from 1970-1981.
Sadat was assassinated in 1981 by his opponents while presiding
over an official parade. Other Egyptian leaders who have been assassinated
are Prime Minister Boutros Ghali (1910), Prime Minister Ahmed Maher
Pasha (1945), and Prime Minister Mahmoud Nokrashi Pasha (1948).
The word sham does not refer
just to Damascus. In Arabic, sham means left and refers to the cities
located to the left of Hijaz (where Makkah and Madinah are located).14
Many leaders in this region have been assassinated, among them Syrian
prime minister Salah al-Din Bitar (1920), Syrian prime minister
Droubi Pasha (1921), Syrian premier Muhsin al-Barazi (1949), King
Abdullah of Jordan (1951), and Lebanese Phalangist leader Bashir
Jemayel, after a bomb attack in 1982.15
Having discussed some of the signs foretelling the Mahdi's coming,
we now turn our attention to various minor signs that will occur
when the End Times begin. As they will happen before the Golden
Age, they also can be regarded as signs of the Mahdi's coming.
Sadat was killed during an official parade
in 1981. The photo at the right records this event. Above,
a New York Times report on the assassination.
When we examine the events mentioned in the hadiths containing
this information, we see that each of them is being experienced
in today's societies. While these events may appear negative at
first sight, in reality they are forerunners of an age of abundance,
plenty, happiness, peace, and security. After these events, God
will inaugurate an age of light for all humanity. This is God's
promise, which He has announced to His believers:
We wrote down in the Zabur, after the Reminder came:
"It is My servants who are righteous who will inherit the earth."
And [He will give you] other things you love: support
from God and imminent victory. Give good news to the believers!
A time when booty is in the hands
of certain people, trust is seen as booty, giving
alms is seen as a heavy burden.
(Muhammad ibn 'Abd ar-Rasul Barzanji,
Al-Isha'ah li Ashrat as-Sa'ah, p. 114)
Goods entrusted to one being regarded as
booty, and the giving of alms being regarded
as a loan (which is hard to repay)...
(Muhammad ibn 'Abd ar-Rasul Barzanji,
Al-Isha'ah li Ashrat as-Sa'ah,, p. 139)
The Hour will come when adultery becomes
widespread. (Al-Haythami, Kitab al-Fitan) The
Last Hour will not be established until they
[wicked people] commit adultery on the roads
[public ways]. (Muhammad ibn 'Abd ar-Rasul Barzanji,
Al-Isha'ah li Ashrat as-Sa'ah,, p. 140)
The rebuilding of the ruined places
in the world, and the ruination of constructed
places are signs and portents of Doomsday. (Ismail
Mutlu, Signs of the Last Day [Istanbul: Mutlu
Publications,1999], p. 138)
When developed places are ruined, then
Doomsday is no further away than the distance
between your two fingers. (Muhammad ibn 'Abd
ar-Rasul Barzanji, Al-Isha'ah li Ashrat as-Sa'ah,
(left) The devastation of SanFrancisco
in 1906 by a fire that broke out after an earthquake
(right)Modern San Francisco.
will compete with one another in constructing
Most modern cities are composed of skyscrapers. The prediction
in the hadith has come true.
will not come until a person kills his brother.
(Muhammad ibn 'Abd ar-Rasul Barzanji, Al-Isha'ah
li Ashrat as-Sa'ah, p. 141)
The conflict in Zaire (now the
Democratic Republic of the Congo) between the Hutus and
the Tutsis fleeing the violence in neighboring Rwanda, has
been going on for years. This conflict has caused the death
of countless children.
The community of the faithful will be on
a favorable path until they encounter three
things: goodness disappears, immoral children
grow in number, and essekkarun appears amongst
them. They asked: "What is essekkarun"? They
answered: "A generation that will emerge in
the End Times, among whom greetings will be
regarded as vile oaths. (Muhammad ibn 'Abd ar-Rasul
Barzanji, Al-Isha'ah li Ashrat as-Sa'ah,, pp.
everyone complaining about decreased
earnings ... the rich respected for their money
(Muhammad ibn 'Abd ar-Rasul Barzanji,
Al-Isha'ah li Ashrat as-Sa'ah,, p. 146
. stagnation in the markets, a reduction
(Muhammad ibn 'Abd ar-Rasul Barzanji, Al-Isha'ah
li Ashrat as-Sa'ah,, p. 148)
. business being slack. Everyone will complain:
"I cannot sell, buy or earn money."
(Muhammad ibn 'Abd ar-Rasul Barzanji, Al-Isha'ah
li Ashrat as-Sa'ah,, p. 152)
Doomsday will not come until your leaders
kill and the wicked inherit your world.(Ibid.,
In the recent
past, several leaders have been assassinated, such as American
president John F. Kennedy (1963), Swedish Prime Minister Olof
Palme (1986), King Alexander I of Yugoslavia (1934), and Pakistani
President Muhammad Zia ul-Haq (1988).
The Golden Age
As we mentioned earlier, the appearance of these signs one after
another gives believers the good tidings of the coming Golden Age.
Just as in Prophet Solomon's (pbuh) day, the Golden Age will be
a time of wealth, splendor, beauty, happiness, and peace. Life on
Earth will be like Paradise, because the Qur'an's morality will
prevail throughout the world. Doubtless, this is a grace and good
tidings from God for the last period of world history. He announces
in the following verse that:
God has promised those of you who believe and do right
actions that He will make them successors in the land, as He made
those before them successors; will firmly establish for them their
religion, with which He is pleased; and give them, in place of their
fear, security. "They worship Me, not associating anything with
Me." Any who do not believe after that, such people are deviators.
God has promised those of you who believe
and do right actions that He will make them successors in
the land, just as He made those before them successors;
will firmly establish for them their religion, with which
He is pleased; and give them, in place of their fear, security.
"They worship Me, not associating anything with Me."
Any who disbelieve after that, such people are deviators.
The Times of Prophet Solomon (pbuh), Dhu'l-Qarnayn
(pbuh), and the Golden Age
to this point, we have focused on Prophet Solomon's (pbuh) exemplary
life and moral character, faithfulness toward God, and how he turned
toward Him in everything he did. We have mentioned his courage,
just dealings, and compassion, as well as his forgiving, courteous,
welcoming, peace-loving, and noble character. In addition, we have
studied his methods of state administration and intelligence gathering,
along with his diplomatic successes, public building, and artistic
undertakings. We then looked at Dhu'l-Qarnayn (pbuh), a faithful
servant who shared many similarities with Prophet Solomon (pbuh).
All of this information shows that Prophet Solomon (pbuh) was engaged
in artistic and scientific work about which we know nothing and
cannot even guess. This great leader and Prophet made extraordinary
advancements in various scientific and other fields in his day.
Dhu'l-Qarnayn (pbuh) also established dominion over a vast territory
and governed societies with superior knowledge.
Another thing we considered while examining these accounts was
the signs of the End Times that they contain. As we know from the
hadiths, the Golden Age will be a time of extraordinary development
in science, art, and technology, just as in the days of Prophet
Solomon (pbuh) and Dhu'l-Qarnayn (pbuh). Although the other two
periods have passed and the Golden Age is still to come, all of
them are realities announced to us by God.
The term Mahdism connotes the establishment of these two leaders'
superior morality on a new, different, and broader foundation. In
other words, the spirituality, logic, intelligence, and social manifestation
of Prophet Solomon (pbuh) and Dhu'l-Qarnayn (pbuh) will reveal themselves
in society in the End Times.
These three periods are characterized by the prevalence of Islamic
morality throughout their realms. God approves of all three of these
periods. The times of Nebuchadnezzar II, Nimrod, and Pharaoh were
governed by Satan and therefore were irreligious periods. Just as
God made Islamic morality prevail after these periods, in the End
Times our Lord will let His servants live under the rule of that
same morality. This will be the Golden Age, which will be characterized
by happiness, well-being, love, brotherhood, loyalty, peace, self-sacrifice,
humanity, and helpfulness. Below are some examples of the similarity
between the three times.
The Mahdi Will Rule the World
Prophet Solomon (pbuh) and Dhu'l-Qarnayn (pbuh), who made Islamic
morality prevail in their vast territories and had mighty armies,
have much in common with the Golden Age. For example, during the
Golden Age Islamic morality will prevail throughout the world, streams
of people will become Muslims, godless ideologies will be wiped
off the face of the Earth, and religion will be lived as it was
in the time of our Prophet (may God bless him and grant him peace).
Some hadiths describe this era, among them:
The Mahdi will own the entire world. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan
fi 'Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir al-Zaman, p. 10)
The Mahdi will invade all the places between East
and West. (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi 'Alamat
al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 56)
The Mahdi's Special Knowledge and the
Great Knowledge Granted to Prophet Solomon (pbuh) and Dhu'l-Qarnayn
We have already seen the various kinds of knowledge that God gave
Prophet Solomon (pbuh): how to rule over jinns and demons, speak
to birds, hear and understand ants talking among themselves, and
subject the winds and copper to his command. All of these wondrous
characteristics distinguished him from other people. Of Dhu'l-Qarnayn
(pbuh), the Qur'an says: "We had encompassed
that he had 'knowledge comprising essence' near him [or all that
he had in knowledge]" (Qur'an, 18:91). From this,
we know that he was a servant to whom God granted knowledge.
Like these two leaders, the Mahdi also will have special knowledge.
In his Mevzuatu'l ulum (11:246), Taskopruluzade Ahmet Efendi writes
that the Mahdi will possess 'ilm al-jafr (the art of divination
through numbers). Another hadith reveals the following:
He is called the Mahdi because he is given guidance for a situation
unknown to anyone. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi 'Alamat al-Mahdi
Akhir al-Zaman, p. 77)
Our Prophet (may God bless him and grant him peace) also says that
the Mahdi, like Prophet Solomon (pbuh), will know the language of
animals and have power over human beings and jinns.
The Mahdi speaks the language of birds and other animals. Therefore,
his justice will manifest itself over all people and jinns. (Muhammad
ibn 'Abd ar-Rasul Barzanji, Al-Isha'ah li Ashrat as-Sa'ah, p. 188)
Scientific and Technological Developments
As we learn from the Qur'an, Prophet Solomon's (pbuh) and Dhu'l-Qarnayn's
(pbuh) times witnessed great and unusual scientific and technological
advancements. The hadiths describing the Golden Age present a similar
The Golden Age will be a time of great scientific, technological,
communication, and medical advancements. Every new development will
serve humanity and make life easier in all respects. One sign of
this in the hadiths is as follows:
The end of humanity's whip will speak to him. (Hadith at-Tirmidhi)
This hadith probably refers to the cell phone, one of the most
common means of communication today. (God knows the truth.)
The hadiths also mention another important technological development:
People will reap 700 measures of wheat for every one they sow
. People will throw down a few handfuls of seeds and reap 700 handfuls
. Although much rain will fall, none will be wasted. (Ibn Hajar
al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi 'Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar,
This hadith may be speaking of modern agriculture, which is characterized
by the use of machines. In former times, sowing seeds and harvesting
by hand were extremely tiring and time-consuming chores. But technological
advances have enabled great developments in agriculture, and modern
machines have made both sowing and harvesting much easier. Improving
seed stocks has increased agricultural production. As technology
advances, new methods are developed to increase productivity.
In the Mahdi's time, many important agricultural and technological
advances will make the lives of farmers much easier.
The Importance of Loving Animals
The Qur'an gives some information about Prophet Solomon's (pbuh)
love and compassion for animals. For example, he loved horses and
did not want to harm ants.
In the Golden Age, love for animals will be encouraged. The hadiths
reveal that there will be places in which every kind of animal can
be easily watched and admired. Here are some examples:
... He will say to the sheep to go to the pasture and eat.
The animals will pass through the crops, but will not eat even a
single stalk of wheat. Snakes and scorpions will not hurt anyone,
and wild animals will sit at our doors but not harm anyone. (Muhammad
ibn 'Abd ar-Rasul Barzanji, Al-Isha'ah li Ashrat as-Sa'ah, p. 245)
Snakes will get along with children, cows will get along with
lions. (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi 'Alamat al-Mahdi
al-Muntazar, p. 64)
These hadiths indicate another similarity between the time of Prophet
Solomon (pbuh) and the Golden Age: humanity's dominion over animals.
Just as Prophet Solomon (pbuh) established his rule over birds and
other animals, in the Golden Age all animals, including beasts of
prey, will be under humanity's dominion and thus rendered harmless
Working for Peace and Using Diplomacy
Prophet Solomon's (pbuh) relations with neighboring countries were
tolerant, forgiving, and peaceful, for he preferred diplomacy to
war and applied democratic methods. He established a superior culture
and founded his rule on diplomacy, art, and culture. Even though
he had invincible armies, he did not use military might. Dhu'l-Qarnayn
(pbuh), known to those around him as a man who opposed corruption
and dissension, was a leader who brought peace and well-being to
his people. From this point of view, their times were very similar
to that of the Golden Age.
In the Golden Age, people will become Muslims of their own volition,
the world will be dominated by Islamic morality, and war will become
No one will be awakened from their sleep or have a bleeding
nose. (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi 'Alamat al-Mahdi
al-Muntazar, p. 42)
The Mahdi will follow the way of the Prophet. He will not wake
up a sleeping person or shed blood. (Muhammad ibn 'Abd ar-Rasul
Barzanji, Al-Isha'ah li Ashrat as-Sa'ah, p. 163)
The hadiths state that the Mahdi will make Islamic morality prevail
all over the world by peaceful means through a great cultural initiative.
At that time, God willing, the following verses will be fulfilled:
When God's help and victory have arrived, and you
have seen people entering God's religion in droves, then glorify
your Lord's praise and ask His forgiveness. He is the Ever-Returning.
Inviting People to Religious Morality
Prophet Solomon's (pbuh) quick and intelligent decisions make him
a good example for all believers. His letter to the Queen of Saba,
inviting her and her people to true belief, shows his powers of
communication. Placing great importance on quick decisions, he employed
a knowledgeable person to bring him her throne. In order to stop
the corruption of Gog and Magog among a people who were located
far from his kingdom, Dhu'l-Qarnayn (pbuh) quickly built a barricade
strong enough to stand until the end of the world. This showed his
strength and power of reason. In these respects, the Golden Age
will be very similar to the times of these two noble men.
| When God's help
and victory have arrived and you have seen people entering God's
religion in droves, then glorify your Lord's praise and
ask His forgiveness. He is the Ever-Returning. (Qur'an,
In addition, people will flock to Islam, and rapid and comprehensive
efforts will be made to facilitate this movement. Societies will
adopt Islamic morality, godless ideologies will be quickly and permanently
removed, and every kind of oppression will pass into the dark depths
of history. With regard to this, the great Islamic scholar, Muhyiddin
ibn al-'Arabi, wrote:
God will give the Mahdi so much power that he will remove cruelty
from the world overnight, religion will be established, and Islam
will be revived. The Mahdi will restore lost value to it [Islam],
and it will come to life after its apparent demise . Ignorant people,
misers, and cowards alike will become very knowledgeable, generous,
and brave . They will practice religion as in the time of Prophet
Muhammad (may God bless him and grant him peace). (Muhyiddin ibn
al-'Arabi, Futuhat al Makkiyah, Bab 66, "Signs of the End Times,"
The Importance Given to Building
Prophet Solomon (pbuh) placed great importance on public building.
As we saw earlier, he used the jinns and demons under his command
to construct high arches, statues, huge dishes, and vats. Everyone
who saw his palace, including the Queen of Saba, was amazed. Dhu'l-Qarnayn
(pbuh) also used a very effective construction technique to build
the barricade mentioned above, so that, unless God wills, it will
The hadiths also allude to the great importance of construction
in the Golden Age. In this period, cities will attain a high level
of civilization, and their people will live in happiness and peace.
One of these hadiths is as follows:
The Mahdi works in the construction of Constantinople and other
places. (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi 'Alamat
al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 40)
God has written: "I will be victorious,
I and My Messengers." God is Most Strong, Almighty.
Wealth and Splendor Used to Benefit Islam
and Gain God's Good Approval
Prophet Solomon (pbuh) used his wealth to proclaim God's religion
and spread Islamic morality in his realm. Especially in the cities
that he conquered, he invited the people to believe in God and submit
to Him. His letter to the Queen of Saba is an important proof of
this. And Dhu'l-Qarnayn (pbuh), who said: "The power my Lord has
granted me is better than that." (Qur'an, 18:95), was blessed by
God with stable political power, which he used to rid his realm
"Earth belongs to
God. He bequeaths it to any of His servants He wills. The
successful outcome is for those who guard against evil."
In the Golden Age, people will enjoy great wealth, well-being,
and comfort. The Mahdi will use the world's wealth to make God's
religion supreme and establish peace and high moral standards throughout
his realm. He will do many things that the world has never seen
before, soften people's hearts toward Islamic morality, and cause
it to prevail within a short time. For example:
There will be a Mahdi among the people. God will send him to
make people rich. People will have comfort and good fortune, animals
will have plenty to eat, and the soil will bring forth plants. (Al-Muttaqi
al-Hindi, Al-Burhan fi 'Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman, p. 15)
Before allegiance, people will flock to it, and everyone who
goes there will enjoy the divine plenty. (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami,
Al-Qawl al-Mukhtasar fi 'Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 25)
Plenty and Abundance
We can understand from the Qur'an that Prophet Solomon's (pbuh)
time was characterized by great wealth and that the people lived
comfortable lives. His palace was splendid, he had a mighty army,
and he ruled a vast domain.
The Golden Age's plenty and abundance will be like that in Prophet
Solomon's (pbuh) time. People will be given whatever they want and
however much they want; even the birds will be happy with the Mahdi's
rule. Many hadiths describe in great detail this plenty, abundance,
and well-being, among them those given below:
A time will come when a person, withalms of gold in his hand,
will go around, finding no one [in need] who is willing to receive
them. (Mukhtasar Tazkirah Qurtubi)
Then will my ummah be blessed, the number of animals will increase,
and the land will bear its fruits. (Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Al-Qawl
al-Mukhtasar fi 'Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 26)
Possessions will be in abundance then, flowing like water. Yet
no one will (condescend) to take any. (Mukhtasar Tazkirah Qurtubi)
During this [period], my ummah [people] will lead a kind of
comfortable and carefree life that they have never known before.
[The land] will bring forth its yield and will not hold anything
back... (Sunan Ibn Majah)
The land will turn like a silver tray growing vegetation...
(Sunan Ibn Majah)
Justice and Tolerance
Prophet Solomon (pbuh) ruled in a tolerant and democratic manner.
This will also be the case in the Golden Age, when Islamic morality
will dominate and the world will be tolerant and at peace. People
will be treated with compassion and mercy, and people of every religion
will live in happiness and security. The world's wealth will be
distributed equally, and poverty and need will disappear. Here are
some relevant hadiths:
The Mahdi will bring justice and sovereignty to a world full
of cruelty and injustice. (Muhammad ibn 'Abd ar-Rasul Barzanji,
Al-Isha'ah li Ashrat as-Sa'ah, p. 305)
His justice will fill every place. (Ibn Hajar Haythami, Al-Qawl
al-Mukhtasar fi 'Alamat al-Mahdi al-Muntazar, p. 20)
A man from my family [Ahl al-Bayt] appears to fill Earth with
justice, just as it has been filled with corruption. So whoever
reaches that [time] ought to come to them, even if crawling on the
ice/snow, since among them is the vicegerent of God [khalifat Allah]
al-Mahdi. (Sunan Ibn Majah)
In his time, the goodness of good people will increase, and
goodness will even be shown to bad people. (Al-Muttaqi al-Hindi,
Al-Burhan fi 'Alamat al-Mahdi Akhir az-Zaman, p. 17)
All nations will open their gates to him ... Security and tranquility
will reign over Earth. (Muhammad ibn 'Abd ar-Rasul Barzanji, Al-Isha'ah
li Ashrat as-Sa'ah, p. 164)
We said: "Have no fear. You will have
the upper hand." (Qur'an, 20:68)
There is good news for them in the life of this world and
in the Hereafter. There is no changing the words of God. That
is the great victory! (Qur'an, 10:64)
13. John Sayer, "Millennium Article (for
South China Morning Post)." Online at: www.oxfam.org.hk/english/resource/document/millennium.shtml
14. Osmanlica-Turkce Ansiklopedik
Buyuk Lugat (Encyclopedic Great Dictionary of Ottoman Turkish-Turkish,)
(Istanbul: Turdav, 2000).
15. Syrian Human Rights Committee, "Report on the Human Rights
Situation in Syria Over a 20-year Period." Online at: www.shrc.org/books/hr.20year/hr6.htm