PROPHET SOLOMON (pbuh)
PROPHET SOLOMON (PBUH)
We gave knowledge
to David and Solomon, who said:
"Praise be to God, Who has favored us over many
of His servants who are believers." Solomon was
Prophet Solomon (pbuh) was a son of Prophet David (pbuh), to whom
God gave great knowledge, wealth and wisdom (Qur'an, 2:251), favor
(Qur'an, 34:10), and to whom He revealed the Psalms. In the Qur'an,
God decrees: "We gave [to] David Solomon" (Qur'an,
. We raise in rank anyone
We will. Your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing.
We gave him [Abraham] Isaac and Jacob, each
of whom We guided. And before him We had guided
Noah. And among his descendants were David and
Solomon, Job and Joseph, and Moses and Aaron.
That is how We recompense the good-doers. And
Zachariah, John, Jesus, and Elias-all of them
were among the righteous. And Ishmael, Elisha,
Jonah, and Lot-all of them We favored over all
beings. And some of their forebears, descendants,
and brothers-We chose them and guided them to
a straight path. (Qur'an, 6:83-87)
As He did with Prophet David (pbuh), God sent Prophet Solomon (pbuh)
to the Israelites. God put him on the right path, counted him as
one of His faithful servants and made him superior to other people.
In fact, God tells believers:
They are the ones God has guided, so be guided
by their guidance. Say: "I do not ask you for any wage for it. It
is simply a reminder to all beings." (Qur'an, 6:90)
Like all other prophets, Prophet Solomon (pbuh) invited people
to believe in God, avoid associating any other thing or being with
Him, and obey His commands and recommendations.
PROPHET SOLOMON'S (PBUH) SUPERIOR
KNOWLEDGE AND BLESSING
[Solomon] said: "My Lord, forgive me and give
me a kingdom the like of which will never be granted
to anyone after me. Truly, You are the Ever-Giving."
His prayer was accepted by God and He bestowed upon him great blessings,
superior wisdom, more possessions than anyone else could attain,
and a glorious kingdom in which he exercised an incomparable reign.
Other verses give more information about his God-given wealth, power,
The Ability to Judge
We gave Solomon understanding
of it [judgment]. We gave each of them judgment
and knowledge... (Qur'an, 21:79)
When we examine the prophets' lives, we see clearly that God gave
them superior wisdom to use in their conversations, decisions, and
carrying out their decisions. Prophet Solomon (pbuh), a recipient
of this divinely inspired judgment and knowledge,
"judged with truth" (Qur'an, 38:26), like his father Prophet
David (pbuh), and solved all disputes most justly.
David and Solomon when they gave judgment about
the field, when the people's sheep strayed into
it at night. We were Witness to their judgment.
A system of justice, if it is to operate properly, must be directed
by people with faith and who can judge justly. Prophet Solomon's
(pbuh) time was one in which this understanding of justice was lived
fully, for God says: "Every nation has a Messenger,
and when their Messenger comes everything is decided between them
justly. They are not wronged" (Qur'an, 10:47). Two people
who presided over hearings and gave just decisions were Prophet
David (pbuh) and Prophet Solomon (pbuh).
Prophet Solomon's (pbuh) words, upon learning that a hoopoe bird
had disappeared without his permission, draws our attention to this
the birds and said: "How is it that I do not see
the hoopoe? Or is it absent without leave? I will
certainly punish it most severely or slaughter
it if it does not bring me clear authority." (Qur'an,
This is just one example of his justice: He gave the hoopoe an
opportunity to defend itself, listened to it carefully, and inflicted
no sudden penalty. Instead, he waited for it to produce clear proof
Solomon (pbuh) and the Language of Birds
God taught Prophet Solomon (pbuh) to speak the language of birds,
and because of this, he formed an army squadron composed of birds.
Thus, he established a relationship with them that allowed him to
command them as he wished. Fully aware that this ability was the
result of God's mercy, he explained to his people that this knowledge
came from God and was not the result of his own effort. In this
way, he clearly expressed his submission to, and need for, God.
O people, we have been taught the speech of birds
and have been given everything. This is indeed
a clear favor. (Qur'an, 27:16)
We can draw some important conclusions from this account:
speak to one another on a special wave length that people cannot
hear. God allowed Prophet Solomon (pbuh) to understand these conversations.
This might have been made possible by technological means.
Prophet Solomon (pbuh) could understand these conversations, he
may have given them special tasks to fulfill. (God knows the truth.)
Solomon (pbuh) achieved important results by using birds to both
carry messages and gather information. This knowledge facilitated
communication with other countries and reaching distant areas. (God
knows the truth.)
verse may be drawing our attention to a superior technology similar
to that which will be used in the End Times. In fact, these birds
may not even refer to birds as we know them, but perhaps to unmanned
this, he may have attached transmitters to them to obtain information
about other countries and his enemies. In this way, he could have
obtained images and sound recordings and used the information to
govern his kingdom.
Solomon (pbuh) had power over jinns and demons, for the Qur'an states:
". And some of the jinns worked in front of him
by his Lord's permission." (Qur'an, 34:12) and ". some of the demons
dived for him and did other things apart from that." (Qur'an, 21:82).
When considered from this point of view, it may have been an army
made up of jinns that looked like birds.
probability is that these birds may have been controlled by jinns
who Prophet Solomon (pbuh) could use to make the birds do what he
wanted them to do.
Qur'an is valid for all people until the end of the world. Therefore,
similar things that happened during Prophet Solomon's (pbuh) reign
may also be experienced in the End Times. For example, God may put
these jinns under humanity's control once again. Again, the advanced
technology indicated in this account may be a signal of what technology
will bring to humanity in the End Times. (God knows the truth)
is important to birds, especially in habitats where vegetation
impedes vision, such as forests, grasslands, and wetlands.
Birds communicate by vocalizations (e.g., songs and calls)
and various noises (e.g., tapping and drumming). Each species
has its own specific song or songs. For example, some have
over a dozen calls and songs, while others mimic the songs
of other birds and humans.1
Birds do not have vocal cords. To produce
sounds, vibrations are sent across a bird's syrinx (voice
box). The more muscles a bird has attached to the syrinx,
the more sounds it can make. For instance, mockingbirds have
many muscles and can produce a variety of sounds.
UNMANNED AIRCRAFT TECHNOLOGY
Unmanned aircraft technology, which
is important to a country's defense plans, becomes more advanced
and more vital every day. The U.S. Air Force has two important
programs in operation: UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) and UCAV
(Uninhabited Combat Air Vehicle). Air Force officials call
this technology new age and say that it will offer far more
advantages than piloted aircraft. These aircraft, which will
be controlled from the ground and pre-programmed, will have
some other advantages as well, such as:
-The ability to collect intelligence and engage in battle
without any loss of life.
-Lower construction costs.
-Their size and technology will make them less detectable
by enemy radar. For example, NASA is getting ready to produce
aircraft in its X-36 program that are 5-6 meters (15-20 feet)
in length and weighing about 600 kilograms (1,300 pounds).
A pilot guides these aircraft via a simulator located in the
command center. In case of an attack, the pilot will guide
the aircraft according to images sent by cameras on board.
-Their maneuverability is very high, because they are small
and carry no pilot.
-Their color and infrared cameras can record intelligence
about the most inaccessible places and send it in a moment
to the command center by satellite.
-According to research, a pilot spends 80
percent of flight time in pilot training and 20 percent in
active duty. For unmanned aircraft, 100 percent of flight
time goes into active duty. This is a great advantage both
in time and expense.
These are just a few of the advantages of unmanned aircraft.
The programs mentioned above have not all been put into effect
yet, but they certainly will have an important place in aircraft
technology in the near future. 2
transonic sounds are sound waves outside the normal
range of human hearing. Birds, insects, and some mammals
(e.g., rodents, bats, dogs, cats, and raccoons) can
hear these high frequencies and use them to communicate.3
But, as we see in the Qur'an, God may have given Prophet
Solomon (pbuh) the knowledge and technology to hear
and understand these sounds.
make it very easy to obtain intelligence-related images.
Formerly used only by intelligence organizations, they are
now available to the general public.
can be hidden in many places (e.g., a necktie, a shirt sleeve,
a table lamp, a watch, a pen, eyeglasses, a jacket, an electric
socket, a book, a lighter, a pencil sharpener, a hat, a portable
radio, a toy, a pager, a telephone, smoke detector, or a potted
plant), placed on animals, and take pictures without the other
person's knowledge. Appearing in ever-smaller sizes, they
now range between two millimeters and a few centimeters in
size. Some of their many features are as follows: their picture
quality is the same as those produced by normal cameras, they
are battery powered, and can take both black-and-white and
color photos. Some take photos continually; some go into operation
at the slightest movement within their range of view and turn
themselves off when the movement stops. Their batteries enable
them to take photos for hours. Some infra-red cameras can
take photos within a range of 150 meters (450 feet) and in
Secret listening devices,
known as bugs, are placed in a particular area to prevent
communication or transmit intelligence from that area to another.
The person listening to these devices may be a few hundred
meters away, but can hear everything perfectly. Their production,
sale, and deployment is a multi-million dollar industry in
the United States.5 Moreover, they are
being used increasingly to investigate serious crimes and
to bug telephones and places where crimes occur.
There are many kinds of
bugs, among them those of the ultrasonic variety, which convert
sounds into audio signals that human beings cannot hear. These
signals are later converted back to audio.
The Language Used by Birds
Birds have their own language.
Expert users of sound, they communicate by using frequencies
which we cannot hear. Through these sounds, birds
recognize their young, parents, and mates; gather
in flocks; and warn one another of danger. They can
change their communication frequencies and relay information
Prophet Solomon (pbuh) Understands the Female
Then, when they reached the Valley of the Ants,
an [female] ant said: "Ants! Enter your dwellings
so that Solomon and his troops do not crush you
unwittingly." (Qur'an, 27:18)
This verse may be interpreted as follows:
female ant knew that Prophet Solomon (pbuh) and his army were entering
the valley. This is an extremely conscious recognition. The fact
that these ants could speak to one another and were aware of what
was happening around them may indicate that these creatures may
have been jinns. (God knows the truth.)
ant mentioned here is not an ordinary ant, for the Valley of the
Ants suggests a special place and special ants. This strengthens
the possibility that they were jinns.
He [Solomon] smiled, laughing at its words, and
said: "My Lord, keep me thankful for the blessing
You have bestowed on me and my parents. Keep me
acting rightly, pleasing You, and admit me, by
Your mercy, among Your servants who are righteous."
Solomon's (pbuh) ability to hear the ants talking among themselves
may indicate a development that will occur in computer technology
in the End Times.
modern term Silicon Valley refers to the center of the world of
technology. Thus, it is very significant that this verse mentions
the Valley of the Ants. God may be drawing out attention to the
advanced technology that will appear in the End Times.
Everything in the heavens and every creature
on Earth prostrates to god, as do the angels. They are not
puffed up with pride. They fear (and respect) their Lord
above them and do everything they are ordered to do.
the 1950s, American scholars brought their knowledge and experience
together and established the 4,000 square meter (1,500 square
miles) Silicon Valley under the leadership of Stanford University
in California. Eight thousand companies from around the world
working on information technology and in various high-tech
fields are located in this area. Nearly 300,000 scientists,
engineers, and researchers, all of them experts in their fields,
are developing high-tech products, and most technological
advances are developed there.6
The Latest Development
in Micro-Technology: An Army of Robotic Ants
for those who strive in Our Way, We will quide them
to Our Paths. Truly God is with the good-doers . (Qur'an,
The best-known project that uses ants as
a model is the Army-Ant Robot project, which is being carried
out independently in several countries. The study conducted
by the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and Virginia State University
seeks to develop small, inexpensive, and simple robots and
then form a robotic army out of physically identical robots.
Project officials explain that these robots derive their usefulness
from their group actions, performing physical tasks and making
cooperative decisions as a coordinated team. All mechanical
and electrical design aspects are decided with the group-dynamical
behavior in mind. Because of their behavioral resemblance
to their insect counterparts, they have been named army-ant
The army-ant robot system
was originally designed as a material-carrying system. According
to this scenario, several small robots would jointly lift
and carry objects. It was later decided that they could be
used for other tasks, such as nuclear and hazardous waste
cleanup with robotic swarms, mining (including material removal
and search-and-rescue), mine sweeping (both land and water),
surveillance and sentry, planetary surface exploration, and
Israel A. Wagner, an expert on ant robot-technology,
describes such projects in these terms:
Ant-robots are simple physical and virtual creatures designed
to cooperate in order to achieve a common goal. They are assumed
to have very limited resources of energy, sensing and computing,
and to communicate via traces left in the workspace or on
the ground, like many insects naturally do… The distribution
of work among multiple agents can be made by either a central
controller who sends orders to the agents, or by an a priori
agreement on a certain partitioning that, if obeyed by the
agents, eventually leads to a completion of the given mission.
A third way, used
throughout the current work, is to design the behavior of
individuals such that cooperation will naturally emerge in
the course of their work, without making a priori decisions
on the structure of the cooperation. The specific application
that we address is covering, which is also known as exploring
or searching. This variety of names hints to the many applications
this problem might have: from cleaning the floor of a house
to mapping an unknown planet or demining a mine field.8
Based on the above information, the ant's
social lifestyle forms the basis of many projects, and the
robotic technologies being implemented as a result are benefiting
human beings. That is why the Qur'an mentions the ants and
their valley when informing us about Prophet Solomon (pbuh).
In this verse, God may be alluding to technological developments
in Prophet Solomon's (pbuh) time. For example, the mention
of ants may point toward a robotic army. With the help of
the jinns and demons at his command, Prophet Solomon (pbuh)
may have used a very advanced technology to establish a robotic
The verses may also be indicating future developments
in robot technology and how they will play an important role
in human life by performing many arduous tasks, and thereby
making people's lives more comfortable. (God knows the truth.)
those who believe and do right actions, and (who) remember
God repeat-edly and defend themselves after they have
been wronged… (Qur'an, 26:227)
Prophet Solomon (pbuh) Commands the Winds
And to Solomon We gave the fiercely blowing wind,
speeding at his command toward the land that We
had blessed. And We had full knowledge of everything.
allowed Prophet Solomon (pbuh) to control the wind and use it as
a tool. This may be a reference to the use of wind energy in the
phrase fiercely blowing wind under Prophet Solomon's (pbuh) command
may be drawing our attention to the advanced aircraft technology
that will be developed in the End Times.
Today, many countries including the United States and Denmark
use wind turbines to provide electricity. These turbines,
by which scientists have estimated that as much as 10 percent
of the world's electricity could be provided by the
middle of the twenty-first century, offer a cheap and productive
alternative to fuel-driven generators.
Aircraft wings are designed
to create a difference in pressure that enables them to fly.
Flight happens as a result of the lift created by the air
moving around the wings. When the aircraft reaches a lifting
power equal to its weight, the wheels leave the ground and
the plane takes off. This lifting force is formed in this
Air normally moves in waves in a gentle current. But the flow
of air changes as the wing moves against it. The air is divided
and passes over and below the wing. The top surface of the
wing has a bulged shape. According to some laws of physics,
the air passing over the wing speeds up and has a lower pressure
than the air under the wing. In other words, the air underneath
lifts the aircraft while the air above exerts less of a downward
push. This difference in pressure allows the aircraft to be
pushed up from below and be lifted into the air. Under these
circumstances, the aircraft overcomes the force of gravity
and the carrying force that enables it to remain aloft is
The force formed by
an aircraft moving through the air is called total aerodynamic
force. This force can be resolved into components. The force
generated by the gravitational attraction of the Earth on
the airplane is the weight. To overcome the weight force,
airplanes generate an opposing force called lift. Lift is
generated by the motion of the airplane through the air. As
the airplane moves through the air, there is another aerodynamic
force present. The air resists the motion of the aircraft
and the resistance force is called drag. Drag is directed
along and opposed to the flight direction. To overcome drag,
airplanes use a propulsion system to generate a force called
thrust. Thrust is the force which moves an aircraft through
the air. The motion of the airplane through the air depends
on the relative strength and direction of these forces. If
the forces are balanced, the aircraft cruises at constant
velocity. If the forces are unbalanced, the aircraft accelerates
in the direction of the largest force. 9
And We gave Solomon power over the wind-a month's
journey in the morning and a month in the afternoon...
words . power over the wind-a month's journey in the morning and
a month in the afternoon..., may indicate the fact that Prophet
Solomon (pbuh) moved very quickly from place to place.
his own time, Prophet Solomon (pbuh) may have used a technology
similar to modern aircraft technology and developed wind-powered
vehicles. By this means, he could cover huge distances in a short
time. (God knows the truth.)
Indications of the Use of Electricity
. And We made a fount
of molten copper flow out for him. (Qur'an, 34:12)
of the great blessings given to Prophet Solomon (pbuh) was molten
copper. This verse can be interpreted in several ways:
the demons and jinns at his command, Prophet Solomon (pbuh) might
have made decorations, huge dishes, vats, and statues for general
use (Qur'an, 34:13).
copper may indicate a high level of technological development in
Prophet Solomon's (pbuh) time: the use of electricity. As we know,
copper is one of the best conductors of electricity and heat, and
plays a significant role in producing electricity.
great amounts of electricity produced in Prophet Solomon's (pbuh)
time could have been used in construction, communications, and many
other areas. The words flow out may point to its widespread use.
(God knows the truth.)
Qur'anic commentators have interpreted ayna al-qitri as referring
to petroleum. Today, petroleum is the most basic raw material of
technology. In his time, Prophet Solomon (pbuh) may have used it
in technological operations. (God knows the truth.)
words ayna al-qitri (Qur'an 34:12) as molten copper may
allude to today's electricity generating industry. Copper,
one of the best conductors of electricity and heat, is
also one of the basic materials used in high technology.
Jinns and Demons Obey Prophet Solomon
And some of the jinns worked in front of him by
his Lord's permission. And if a single one of
them deviates at all from Our command, We let
him taste the punishment of the Searing Blaze.
Another God-given blessing was the number of jinns
and demons that served Prophet Solomon (pbuh). Prophet Solomon (pbuh)
ordered these beings to fulfill various functions in his army, artistic
creations, and construction projects:
So We subjected the wind
to him to blow at his command, softly, wherever
he directed. And the demons, every builder and
diver. (Qur'an, 38:36-37)
God bestowed His grace upon Prophet Solomon (pbuh) by enabling
him to control the demons, because Satan had great knowledge about
Earth and what happened in the world, whether secret or public.
Having such a creature in his power may have made it much easier
for Prophet Solomon (pbuh) to arrange his foreign relations and
administer his kingdom.
some of the demons dived for him [Solomon] and
did other things apart from that. And We were
watching over them. (Qur'an, 21:82)
Solomon (pbuh) could have used these diving demons in many ways:
to perform duties related to intelligence and the army, as well
as to scientific undertakings (e.g., processing marine riches to
verse informs us of the importance of processing both underground
and marine riches. But in order to extract and process these marine
riches and make them useful for people, highly advanced technology
is needed. Perhaps these demons had this technical knowledge and
to the modern technological devices, vehicles, and submarines that
God will put into the service of humanity in the End Times, extracting
the oceans' wealth will be much easier. It is possible that the
meaning of this verse points in this direction.
verse may also be an assessment of the pearls, corals, and other
special blessings to be found in the oceans. (God knows the truth).
the end of the above verse, God reveals: ". We were watching over
them." In other words, these diving demons were under the control
of God, the Lord of heavens and Earth. God gave Prophet Solomon
(pbuh) a power from His own mercy that made the demons unable to
rebel against him.
We gave knowledge to David
and Solomon, (both of whom) said: "Praise be to God
Who has favored us over many of His servants who are believers."
Today, underwater seams are an important area
for oil exploration. Platforms enable oil companies to drill
wells that are hundreds of meters deep
made for him anything he wished: high arches and
statues, huge dishes like cisterns, great built-in
cooking vats. (Qur'an, 34:13)
This verse relates that demons created magnificent works of art
according to Prophet Solomon's (pbuh) directions and very strong
Every Blessing Is a Grace from God
Prophet Solomon (pbuh) used all of his God-given power and possessions
to represent and spread His religion in the best possible way, display
the incomparable splendor of God's kingdom, and disseminate religious
morality. When they saw his intelligence, knowledge, and artistic
power, people more easily accepted his invitation to believe in
God. Prophet Solomon (pbuh) received a fine reward for his service
to God and a great kingdom. For thousands of years, Prophet Solomon's
(pbuh) might and power have amazed people and been the subject of
novels, paintings, and films.
We taught him the art of making garments
[of mail] for you to protect you against each other's
violence, but do you show any thanks?
This section has presented Prophet Solomon's (pbuh) God-given superior
knowledge and blessings. However, one special point needs to be
emphasized: The One Who gave all of these blessings and knowledge,
and Who created all of them is God, the Lord of the Worlds. Everything
that Prophet Solomon (pbuh) did was by God's will and approval.
For example, God decrees: "We gave Solomon understanding
of it" (Qur'an, 21:79), by which we can understand that no
one can understand any event, notice any wisdom, or make any decision
without God's consent. God, the All-Knowing, All-Wise, makes the
decision; the person carrying it out is only a vehicle.
After announcing that the mountains and the birds
bowed their heads with Prophet David (pbuh), Prophet Solomon's (pbuh)
father, the verse says: "This is something We are well able to do."
God taught Prophet David (pbuh) how to make armor, made the wind
bow before Him, and made molten copper flow at Prophet Solomon's
(pbuh) command. In Qur'an 21:81, God decrees: "And We have full
knowledge of everything." Unless God wills, it is impossible for
any person to have knowledge. People may have read and studied for
years and come to be regarded as knowledgeable, but they must never
forget that only God gives them their knowledge as part of their
destiny. The words of the angels in Qur'an 2:32 clearly express
this reality: "Glory be to You! We have no knowledge except what
You have taught us. You are the All-Knowing, the All-Wise."
"Make full-length coats of mail, measuring the links
with care and act rightly, all of you, for I see what you
do." (Qur'an, 34:11)
God strengthened Prophet Solomon's
(pbuh) army with jinns and birds and gave him might and power.
Any surrounding nation coming against his powerful army had
no option but to submit. As Qur'an 21:80 says, God taught
Prophet Solomon (pbuh) how to make armor to protect his soldiers
during military engagements. Armor, helmets, and weapons based
upon this knowledge made his army even more invincible.
Natural History Survey, "Bird Banter."Online at: www.inhs.uiuc.edu/chf/pub/virtualbird/teacher/lespl6.html
2. "Les avions sans pilote passent a l'attaque…,"
Science et vie (Feb. 1998), vol. 965, 119.
3. "How Ultrasonic, Transonic and Sonic Sounds Repel Insects,
Rodents and Mammals." Online at: www.promolife.com/products/pest.htm#How
4. "Advance Intelligence." Online at: www.advanced-intelligence.com/faq.html#!VID008FAQ8
5. "Types of Wiretaps, Bugs and Methods." Online at: www.tscm.com/typebug.html
6. "Silicon Valley: A Special Place for High-Tech Innovation."
Online at: www.stanford.edu/group/scip/avsgt/SV898.pdf
7. John S. Bay, "Design of the ‘Army Ant' Cooperative
Lifting Robot." IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine (March
1995), vol. 2, no. 1 (Special Issue on Mobile Robots), 36-43.
8. Israel A. Wagner, "Ant Robotics: Search, Exploration and
Covering in Multi-A(ge)nt Systems." Online at: www.cs.technion.ac.il/~wagner/pub/thesis_abs_eng.html
9. NASA Glenn Research Center, "Four Forces on an Airplane."
Online at: www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12 /airplane/forces.html